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Kicking them with his boots, the SS soldier drove Margarete W. Everyone get in," he yelled. Through the plastic window in the truck's canvas side, she watched as they drove into a men's camp and stopped in front of a barracks with a wooden fence. The women were taken into a furnished room.
The barracks were different from the ones Margarete W. There were tables, chairs, benches, windows, and even curtains. The female overseer informed the new arrivals that they were "now in a prisoners' brothel. Then each woman was ased a room. Margarete W. The prisoners' brothel at the Buchenwald concentration camp opened on July 11, It was the fourth of a total of 10 so-called "special buildings" erected in concentration camps between andaccording to the instructions of Heinrich Himmler, head of the SS.
He implemented a rewards scheme in the camps, whereby prisoners' "particular achievements" earned them smaller bordel dachau, extra food or monetary bonuses. Himmler also considered it beneficial to "provide the hard-working prisoners with women in brothels," as he wrote on March 23,to Oswald Pohl, the SS officer in charge of the concentration camps.
The camp brothel in the dachau concentration camp
Himmler's cynical vision saw brothel visits increasing the forced laborers' productivity in the quarries and munitions factories. It remains one of the lesser known aspects of Nazi terror that Sachsenhausen, Dachau and even Auschwitz included brothels, and that female concentration camp bordel dachau were forced into prostitution.
Berlin-based cultural studies scholar Robert Sommer, 34, has scoured archives and concentration camp memorial sites around the world and carried out numerous interviews with historical witnesses over the past nine years. His study, which will be published this month, provides the first comprehensive, scientific survey of this "especially perfidious form of violence in the concentration camps.
Sommer delivers plenty of evidence to counter the legend that the Nazis forbade or resolutely fought prostitution.
In fact, the regime enforced total surveillance of prostitution, both in Germany and its occupied territories -- especially after war broke out. A comprehensive network of state-controlled brothels covered half of Europe during that period, which Sommer says consisted of "civil and military brothels, as well as those for forced laborers, and at the same time they were even part of the concentration camps. And the rest ended up in the concentration camp brothel.
In the Mauthausen camp in Austria, in the 10 small rooms of "Barrack 1," the very first camp brothel began operation behind barred windows in June At that point there were around 5, prisoners in the Mauthausen work camp, hammering out stone in granite quarries for Nazi buildings. By the end ofover 70, forced laborers lived in the entire camp complex. The SS had recruited 10 women for Mauthausen, following the government security agency's guidelines for erecting brothels in forced labor camps. This meant between and men per prostitute.
Altogether some women shared the fate of the Mauthausen prisoners in the camp brothels. In particular healthy and good-looking women prisoners between the ages of 17 and 35 caught the eye of SS recruiters. More than 60 percent of them were of German nationality, but Polish women, those from the Soviet Union and one Dutch woman were transferred into the "special task forces.
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First the women were sent to the camp hospital, where they were given calcium injections, disinfection baths, better food and a stint under a sunlamp. Just under 70 percent of the female forced laborers who were coerced into prostitution had originally been imprisoned for being "antisocial.
They included former prostitutes, whose presence was supposed to guarantee the "professional" running of the camp brothels, especially at the start.
It was very easy for a woman to be judged as "antisocial," for example if she failed to comply with instructions at work. To what extent the women knowingly volunteered for these "special task forces" is debated. She said the head of her female barracks threatened: "Whoever wants to go to a brothel should come by my room. And I warn you, if there are no volunteers, we'll fetch you with force.
German ww2 permission to bordel in concentration camp
Historical witness Antonia Bruha, who was made to work in the hospital area of the concentration camp, remembers women "who came in voluntarily, because they'd been told they would be set free afterwards. But for many of the women bordel dachau under the threat of death, serving in a brothel was their last hope of survival. In keeping with the Nazi's racist hierarchy in the camps, first it was only Germans were allowed to visit the brothel, then foreigners as well. Jews were strictly forbidden. It was predominantly foremen, he of barracks and other prominent camp occupants who were given this "bonus.
Twenty cigarettes in the canteen, meanwhile, cost three Reichsmarks.
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Brothel visits were regulated by the SS, as were the opening hours. In Buchenwald, for example, the brothel was open from 7 to 10 p. They remained closed at times of water or electricity shortages, air raid warnings or during the transmission of Hitler's speeches. Edgar Kupfer-Koberwitz, a prisoner at Dachau, described the system in his concentration camp journal: "You wait in the hall.
An officer records the prisoner's name and. Then a is called, and the name of the prisoner in question.
German camp brothels in world war ii
Then you run to the room with that. Each visit it's a different. You have 15 minutes, exactly 15 minutes. Privacy was a foreign concept in the concentration camps -- and the brothels. The doors had spyholes and an SS soldier patrolled the hall. The prisoners had to take off their shoes and were to speak no more than absolutely necessary.
Only the missionary position was allowed. Often it didn't even get as far as intercourse. Some men were no longer physically strong enough, and according to Sommer, "some had a greater need to talk with a woman again, or to feel her bordel dachau.
The SS was very afraid of the spread of sexually transmitted diseases. The men were given disinfectant ointments in the hospital barracks before and after each brothel visit, and doctors took smear samples from the women to test for gonorrhea, and tested their blood for syphilis. Contraception, on the other hand, was one aspect that the SS left up to the women.
The auschwitz brothel where prisoners were 'rewarded'
But pregnancies rarely occurred since many women had been forcibly sterilized before their arrest and others had been rendered infertile through their suffering in the camps. In the event of an "occupational accident," the SS would simply replace the woman and send her to bordel dachau an abortion.
Those who withstood the hardship of brothel life did have more chance of escaping death in the camps, according to Sommer's research. Almost all the women in forced prostitution survived the Nazis' terror regime. It is largely unknown what became of them or whether they were ever able to recover from their traumatic experience.
Concentration camp bordellos: 'the main thing was to survive at all'
Most of them remained silent about their fate for the rest of their lives. Zum Inhalt springen. News Ticker Magazin Audio. Suche starten. Between and Men Per Prostitute Just under 70 percent of the female forced laborers who were coerced into prostitution had originally been imprisoned for being "antisocial.
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